Ergonomics, also known as human factor engineering, is intended to facilitate error-free, efficient and fatigue-free working practices at the human-machine interface. The spaces and timings associated with workplaces, working conditions and working processes should be designed to optimise the quality and cost-effectiveness of results.
Ideally, personnel should be able to do their Work without experiencing fatigue or suffering any harmful effects, even after many years of work. Ergonomics focuses on ensuring user-friendliness and improving the organisation of workstations and work processes.
Several elements are taken into account in a stress-strain concept, including:
- Field of vision, Visual field
- Noise, noise immissions
- Indoor climate
- Ranges of movement
Ergonomic workplace Design differentiates between basic workstation types.
Branches of ergonomics include:
- Product ergonomics, which focuses on the development of user-friendly products
- Production ergonomics, which focuses on creating optimum conditions at the workplace (technical, organisational and social) in order to avoid unnecessary strain, fatigue and ill health among employees.